Infertility is, in the most basic definition, the inability to conceive an infant. Not being gender exclusive, the condition can easily be applied to either a male or a female that has some preexisting conditions that render them inefficient at producing babies. Infertility is one of the most heavily studied, publicized and dreaded biological deficiencies in the world. The causes can be very ambiguous, the prevalence is higher than a lot may think, and treatment is as numerous as raindrops in the thunderstorm. If you’re just dealing with the condition for the first time, you may be intimidated at first but can find solace in the fact that the condition is much more easily handled with understanding.


There is no one, single explanation for a case of infertility in either men or women. Either sex may be affected by DNA damage that makes them incapable of rearing children. In females, DNA damage to the female ovocytes, which could be caused by smoking or radiation, may damage fertility. In males, DNA damage to the sperm could also greatly reduce their strength to impregnate. The time of conception in regards to the female’s menstrual system, age and ovulation health are all particularly critical. At times, the cause of infertility just may even be unexplainable.


There are between three to seven percent of all couples or women, worldwide, who experience some form of complication with their ability to produce children. A great amount of couples experience an inability to produce children at least once per year worldwide as well. In the United Kingdom, one out of seven couples are affected by infertility while 84 percent of regularly copulating couples without the use of a condom become pregnant within the year. As women’s fertility rate goes down as they grow older, there are about 23 out every 100 females aged over 38 that don’t become pregnant even after unprotected sex for about three years of trying.


Symptoms can vary depending on the level of overall health concerning both the male and female going through the issue. When it comes to women, it may be a sign of infertility if her menstrual cycle is uncommon (such as abnormal period bleeding or pain); this could be the sign of disease that is causing infertility. In men, signs of infertility may be signified by sudden unexplained alterations in hair growth, testicular swelling, erectile dysfunction, and issues with libido.


The kind of treatment received for infertility does depend upon the real cause of the condition I the first place, and it may include a combination of both cognitive therapy and medical intervention. There is a kit that is distributed for use in the home, packed up with cervical caps that are made in order to allow semen to be more effectively placed against the cervical wall. The at-home kit is particularly useful for infertility cases that arise from the case of a low sperm count, but it isn’t the most commonly prescribed treatment of all the methods that can be turned to.

Practicality of Treatment

Medical treatment of infertility through infertility medicine, surgery or devices may be prescribed by a physician if the man’s sperm quality is good and the woman has effective reproductive structures. While medical procedures have been proven to be at least moderately effective, there are concerns about the practicality of administering more financial attention to infertility medication as opposed to other areas of concern with public healthcare. There are also some disputes about the legality of embryos that have not been transferred in vivo, but fertilized in vitro.

Psychological Effects

While infertility is not a life-threatening condition for those who have it, it can be seen as one that can be very socially corrosive and personally damaging in terms of esteem. There are some definite financial barriers when it comes to who is able to afford what kinds of treatment, and if the means are not available, a lot of couples can feel trapped in their condition. Emotional distress and feelings of inadequacy can be common effects after a couple has been trying to conceive a baby persistently, which can easily transform into an issue that causes dissonance in the actual relationship.

Social Effects

The impact of being unable to conceive children can vary in importance depending on the culture of the couple that is experiencing the problem. In social groups that are more closed off that others, there can be an issue in which the couple may face rejection or alienation due to their inability to follow tradition. Legally, the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) may allow different employees the liberty of taking a paid leave in order to spend time with their significant other to raise or care for a child or spouse, and some have gone as far to suggest infertility as a disability that merits professional relief.